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What is a contingent worker?

May 04, 2020

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Contingent workers are outsourced, non-permanent workers that are commonly referred to as Independent Contractors, contract workers, freelancers, gig workers, consultants, temporary talent or remote workers. They are engaged by an employer on a short-term, long term or on a project-by-project basis.

A contingent worker can work on site or remote; however, when the their contract is at an end or the project for which the contingent worker was hired for is complete, the employer has no responsibility to provide continuous work to that worker on a permanent basis – they are not on staff.  

A Contingent worker operates as their own business 

Unlike a traditional employer relationship, contingent workers operate as their own businesses and do not work directly for the organization that engaged them to perform the work. As such, they are not on a salary and are not entitled to benefits or other workers compensation afforded full-time, traditional employees.  

Because contingent workers work for themselves, employers are also not responsible for remitting federal and provincial taxes, CPP or Employment Insurance (EI) contributions in Canada, or federal and state taxes and Social Security contributions in the United States. 

Typically, there are generally four different types of employment statuses that contingent workers can present themselves as when entering a working relationship, and all of them come with varying classification requirements that employers must consider.  

Contingent workers vs. traditional, full-time employees

A contingent worker is a highly specialized expert in their field who is typically engaged when an organization has a project or a contingent position that requires a niche skill or a high level of expertise.

When completing the project or contract, contingent workers also have more control in how and when they do their work than traditional employees do. If your organization is considering operating a contingent workforce, here are several key differences in a contingent worker and a traditional, full-time employee:

CW: Not on staff; contracted for a specific project or length of time.
CW: Can decide when and where the work is completed.
CW: Determines their own process, steps and tools needed to complete the work.
CW: Performs work that requires highly specialized skills, typically not the organization's primary service.
CW: Negotiates his or her own pay rates, including fixed amounts.
CW: Must provide his or her own equipment and incur costs of completing the work.
CW: Can delegate or outsource work to others.

FT: On staff; works on an ongoing bases and can be terminated at will.
FT: Has a required work schedule and location.
FT: Is given instruction on how to do the work, in what order and what tools must be used.
FT: Performs work that is of the organization's primary service.
FT: Is paid on an hourly wage or salary governed by minimum wage and overtime laws.
FT: Must be reimbursed for any costs spent to complete work.
FT: Must perform the work on his or her own.

Why organizations are engaging Independent Contractors and including a contingent workforce in their growth strategies

Technology has revolutionized the working world, and the nature of employment is changing.

In response, organizations on a global scale are struggling to overcome workforce challenges created by these emerging technologies and shifting demographics and they're doing it by augmenting their traditional employment models with a more flexible and cost effective option: The contingent workforce.

In fact, organizations have dramatically increased their use of contingent workers over the past 10 years as they struggle with rising labor costs and the need for a workforce that can quickly adapt to market conditions.

It's a global trend that stretches across industry sectors.

Benefits of engaging a contingent worker and operating a contingent workforce

Building a strategic workforce that includes contingent workers is a risky but rewarding business. If employers don't get onboarding and management right, contingent workers can add costs and introduce risk into the organization. However, for employers that understand the risks associated with contingent workers and manage them well, they will experience many advantages such as:

Cost savings

Employers do not pay temporary workers a yearly salary or wage, and are only responsible for paying for their services when needed. Furthermore, employers are also not responsible for worker benefits like vacation pay, healthcare, sick days or other costs when it comes to onboarding, training and professional development.

Increased flexibility

It’s critical for organizations to be able to quickly respond, change, and adapt to market conditions. Temporary talent allows organization to engage resources on an on-demand basis.

Improved operations

Managers can make more informed hiring decisions at the time of need, and the processes and systems are in place to manage and mitigate the risk of contingent worker onboarding and administration across the entire worker lifecycle.

Faster access to high quality talent

Experienced contingent workers can often be engaged at short notice, and will bring an immediate, expert solution to an urgent project need.

Access to larger talent pool

Employers have access to a broad talent pool to choose top candidates from - whether the candidates are sourced and engaged by a staffing agency partner or through an organization's own direct sourcing efforts. This is especially beneficial for short -term projects and projects or positions that require specific skill sets that internal employees may not possess.

Bridging the skills gap

Organizations also have greater access to expertise. Employers can find the skills and experience they need for a specific project or contract position that they cannot find internally. Organizations can access a growing pool of highly qualified talent to ensure that projects and work is completed properly an on time.

Stronger compliance

Organizations that partner with a staffing agency for their contingent worker needs will shift the hiring compliance burden to that agency. This puts the onus on the staffing agency partner to mitigate the risks associated with a contingent workforce and ensure compliance.

Fresh Perspective

Oftentimes, management can be so close to day-to-day operations that it makes it hard to find new paths for business development. A subject matter expert in the industry, with no close ties to the organization, can bring a fresh perspective that can make a difference in driving the firm's strategic direction.

What are the risks involved in engaging contingent workers?

Engaging contingent talent also brings risks associated with unintended co-employment and relationship misclassification. At the root of both contingent worker risks is the determination as to whether there is an employer-employee relationship between the company and the contingent worker.   

If organizations don't properly mitigate these risks, penalties come with a range of financial, brand, legal and tax penalties -- and keeping up with compliance is essential to avoiding unforgiving fines, back payments to workers and damages to an organization’s employer brand.

Risk is an important but tricky issue in contingent workforce programs. Effectively managing contingent program risk requires a collaborative approach between client stakeholders, ranging from procurement, legal, HR and business managers.

To learn more about contingent worker risk, download our free whitepaper: A Checklist for Contingent Worker Risk:

DOWNLOAD CHECKLIST

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